As Economix noted in an article last week, Gallup released a survey showing the top five metro areas for job creation in 2011. Leading the way was Oklahoma City, followed by Pittsburgh; Richmond; Nashville/Davidson/Murfreesboro-Franklin; and Orlando-Kissimmee. The cities with the highest proportion of employers hiring were San Antonio and Memphis.
Using data from our latest full release (2011.4), which can be found in Analyst, we thought it would be interesting to check out the occupations that are growing in each metro. To do this, we searched for occupations that had at least 100 jobs in 2011 (so private cooks in Pittsburgh don’t count), and filtered for occupations that grew by at least 3%.
1. OKLAHOMA CITY
Most of the hiring growth is in production (SOC code 51) or construction & extraction (SOC code 47). The fastest-growing jobs are team assemblers (+454 jobs, 9%), food prep and serving workers (+424, 4%), laborers & freight/stock/material movers (+320 jobs, 3%), welders, cutters, solderers, brazers (+215 jobs, 7%), welders (+215, 7%), construction laborers (+213 jobs, 6%), roustabouts (+211 jobs, 10%), helpers—production workers (+178 jobs, 9%), and rotary drill operators (+170 jobs, 11%).
SOC CodeDescription2010 Jobs2011 JobsChange% Change2010 Natl. LQ2011 Natl. LQ2011 Median Hourly Wage2011 Avg Hourly WageEd Level51-2092Team assemblers5,2895,7434549%1.241.3$11.56$11.96Moderate-term on-the-job training35-3021Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food10,19610,6204244%0.870.89$8.04$8.27Short-term on-the-job training53-7062Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand10,05010,3703203%1.11.11$10.60$11.10Short-term on-the-job training43-4051Customer service representatives10,59410,8943003%1.131.14$12.79$13.69Moderate-term on-the-job training51-4121Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers2,8993,1142157%1.932$15.32$16.39Postsecondary vocational award47-2061Construction laborers3,7994,0122136%1.071.1$11.70$12.09Moderate-term on-the-job training47-5071Roustabouts, oil and gas2,0402,25121110%7.376.99$16.08$16.71Moderate-term on-the-job training51-9198Helpers--Production workers2,0632,2411789%1.11.16$9.04$9.66Short-term on-the-job training47-5012Rotary drill operators, oil and gas1,5351,70517011%13.3512.71$25.67$25.56Moderate-term on-the-job training35-2011Cooks, fast food4,3074,4731664%1.861.89$8.03$8.72Short-term on-the-job training37-3011Landscaping and groundskeeping workers3,1463,2831374%0.850.87$10.55$10.83Short-term on-the-job training33-9032Security guards3,9524,0811293%0.890.91$10.90$12.49Short-term on-the-job training47-1011First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers3,2213,3491284%1.491.54$25.39$26.77Work experience in a related field51-4041Machinists1,4971,6221258%0.920.96$16.46$17.44Long-term on-the-job training51-9061Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers1,9462,0611156%1.071.1$15.47$16.81Moderate-term on-the-job training35-1012First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers3,8163,9221063%1.121.13$11.81$13.15Work experience in a related fieldAll Jobs574,222582,3668,1441%$17.25$18.70Source: EMSI Covered Employment - 2011.4
Just like in Oklahoma City, a chunk of the jobs taking off in Pittsburgh are related to construction & extraction (SOC code 47). Home health aides (+517 jobs, 4%), sales reps (+484 jobs, 3%), truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer (+358, 3%), construction laborers (+315 jobs, 4%), and machinists (+190, 4%) have some of the best growth in the Pittsburgh area.
SOC CodeDescription2010 Jobs2011 JobsChange% Change2010 Natl. LQ2011 Natl. LQ2011 Median Hourly Wage2011 Avg Hourly WageEd Level31-1011Home health aides13,12213,6395174%1.581.57$9.70$10.33Short-term on-the-job training41-4012Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products15,51215,9964843%1.351.37$25.66$30.30Work experience in a related field53-3032Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer10,33710,6953583%0.810.81$18.62$19.53Short-term on-the-job training47-2061Construction laborers8,8619,1763154%1.31.31$13.96$15.56Moderate-term on-the-job training51-4041Machinists4,5694,7591904%1.461.45$16.99$17.62Long-term on-the-job training39-9021Personal and home care aides4,0574,2351784%0.650.65$9.10$9.37Short-term on-the-job training47-2073Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators4,9775,1541774%1.681.72$20.51$21.41Moderate-term on-the-job training49-9041Industrial machinery mechanics3,4493,6061575%1.511.52$21.58$22.16Long-term on-the-job training51-2092Team assemblers5,3755,5311563%0.650.65$12.54$13.55Moderate-term on-the-job training51-9198Helpers--Production workers3,8283,9491213%1.061.06$11.20$12.00Short-term on-the-job training17-2112Industrial engineers3,2503,3701204%1.871.86$36.81$37.44Bachelor's degree47-1011First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers3,4173,5341173%0.820.84$27.94$29.48Work experience in a related field15-1031Computer software engineers, applications3,4103,5201103%0.820.82$35.33$36.20Bachelor's degree51-9061Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers3,7423,8511093%1.061.06$16.86$17.96Moderate-term on-the-job training51-4121Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers2,9833,0911084%1.031.03$15.96$16.38Postsecondary vocational award47-5013Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining43553910424%1.341.4$13.24$14.00Moderate-term on-the-job trainingAll Jobs1,106,4611,121,64315,1821%$19.12$20.34Source: EMSI Covered Employment, 2011.4
We should note that jobs in Richmond sank a tad (almost 1%) from 2010 to 2011. Also, since Richmond is on the smaller side, we adjusted our search to include occupations with fewer than 100 jobs in 2011. Home health aides has grown the most (+126 jobs, 3%), but textile knitting & weaving machine setters/operators/tenders is also interesting because of its large proportional growth (+34 jobs, 162%).
SOC CodeDescription2010 Jobs2011 JobsChange% Change2010 Natl. LQ2011 Natl. LQ2011 Median Hourly Wage2011 Avg Hourly WageEd Level31-1011Home health aides4,4924,6181263%0.990.99$9.22$9.33Short-term on-the-job training43-3011Bill and account collectors2,1932,273804%1.211.27$15.27$15.69Short-term on-the-job training39-9021Personal and home care aides2,3092,375663%0.670.68$8.70$8.75Short-term on-the-job training51-6064Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders1722154325%1.281.62$11.23$11.93Moderate-term on-the-job training51-4041Machinists1,1651,207424%0.680.69$18.57$19.38Long-term on-the-job training51-6063Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders215534162%0.20.52$9.72$10.47Long-term on-the-job training51-2099Assemblers and fabricators, all other1,1651,199343%0.960.98$11.58$12.50Moderate-term on-the-job training53-3041Taxi drivers and chauffeurs812841294%1.051.07$10.61$10.88Short-term on-the-job training13-1071Employment, recruitment, and placement specialists931959283%11$20.34$23.02All Jobs604,289599,754-4,535-1%$20.41$21.64Source: EMSI Covered Employment - 2011.4
Electrical power-line installers & repairers (+229 jobs, 12%) has the most solid overall growth in the Nashville area. Other jobs on the up-and-up include truck drivers (+336 jobs, 3%), team assemblers (+311, 3%), accountants & auditors (+216 jobs, 4%), and construction laborers (+204 jobs, 5%).
SOC CodeDescription2010 Jobs2011 JobsChange% Change2010 National Location Quotient2011 National Location Quotient2011 Median Hourly Wage2011 Avg Hourly WageEducation Level53-3032Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer12,05112,3873363%1.431.43$17.61$18.38Short-term on-the-job training51-2092Team assemblers9,1209,4313113%1.691.69$18.51$19.93Moderate-term on-the-job training49-9051Electrical power-line installers and repairers1,9392,16822912%3.253.58$31.15$30.41Long-term on-the-job training13-2011Accountants and auditors6,0436,2592164%1.001.02$26.33$28.55Bachelor's degree47-2061Construction laborers4,2034,4072045%0.940.96$12.42$12.96Moderate-term on-the-job training31-1011Home health aides3,4923,6421504%0.640.64$9.00$9.25Short-term on-the-job training39-9021Personal and home care aides3,0313,1621314%0.730.74$9.00$9.04Short-term on-the-job training51-2099Assemblers and fabricators, all other4,0174,1211043%2.762.74$15.63$18.23Moderate-term on-the-job trainingAll Jobs727,304734,7067,4021%$18.11$19.54Source: EMSI Covered Employment - 2011.4
The booming occupational sector in Orlando/Kissimmee is food preparation & serving related occupations (SOC code 35), including jobs such as waiters & waitresses (+1,255 jobs, 4%) and combined food preparation & serving workers (+1,007 jobs, 4%). Other notable expanding jobs are retail salespersons (+1,120 jobs, 3%), maids & housekeeping cleaners (+547 jobs, 4%), and hotel, motel, & resort desk clerks (+247 jobs, 7%).
SOC CodeDescription2010 Jobs2011 JobsChange% Change2010 National Location Quotient2011 National Location Quotient2011 Median Hourly Wage2011 Avg Hourly WageEducation Level35-3031Waiters and waitresses34,28535,5401,2554%2.012.05$8.20$9.93Short-term on-the-job training41-2031Retail salespersons38,68239,8021,1203%1.251.26$10.52$12.08Short-term on-the-job training35-3021Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food23,68624,6931,0074%1.191.21$8.32$8.62Short-term on-the-job training37-2012Maids and housekeeping cleaners13,03813,5855474%1.461.51$8.88$9.35Short-term on-the-job training35-2014Cooks, restaurant12,61913,1034844%1.891.93$11.40$11.86Long-term on-the-job training35-9021Dishwashers6,3686,6242564%1.671.70$8.42$8.80Short-term on-the-job training43-4081Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks3,7984,0452477%2.282.35$9.64$10.00Short-term on-the-job training35-1012First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers5,8916,1062154%1.011.03$15.57$17.12Work experience in a related field35-2021Food preparation workers6,9627,1551933%1.111.13$8.83$9.49Short-term on-the-job training35-3022Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop5,6105,7941843%1.551.58$7.87$8.86Short-term on-the-job training35-9011Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers4,9115,0941834%1.651.69$8.29$9.02Short-term on-the-job training35-3011Bartenders4,4814,6431624%1.231.25$8.59$9.73Short-term on-the-job training35-9031Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop4,1604,3121524%1.681.71$8.98$9.65Short-term on-the-job training39-6011Baggage porters and bellhops1,7151,793785%4.754.85$7.95$9.15Short-term on-the-job trainingAll Jobs982,155993,30511,1501%$17.37$18.71Source: EMSI Covered Employment - 2011.4
6. SAN ANTONIO
In San Antonio, combined food preparation & serving workers (+679 jobs, 3%), home health aides (+594 jobs, 5%), registered nurses (+406 jobs, 3%), and personal & home care aides (+384 jobs, 5%) show strong growth.
SOC CodeDescription2010 Jobs2011 JobsChange% Change2010 National Location Quotient2011 National Location Quotient2011 Median Hourly Wage2011 Avg Hourly WageEducation Level35-3021Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food24,67425,3536793%1.381.39$8.11$8.72Short-term on-the-job training31-1011Home health aides11,02411,6185945%1.671.68$8.39$8.74Short-term on-the-job training29-1111Registered nurses15,24315,6494063%0.880.89$30.00$31.32Associate's degree39-9021Personal and home care aides7,9758,3593845%1.601.62$7.89$8.10Short-term on-the-job training47-2061Construction laborers7,1347,3982644%1.321.33$10.76$10.88Moderate-term on-the-job training53-3032Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer7,8928,1322403%0.780.78$14.86$16.33Short-term on-the-job training33-9032Security guards6,8997,1062073%1.021.03$10.66$11.64Short-term on-the-job training51-2092Team assemblers3,9584,1632055%0.610.62$11.77$12.89Moderate-term on-the-job trainingAll Jobs877,341889,77712,4361%$17.72$19.15Source: EMSI Covered Employment - 2011.4
Slim pickings in Memphis. Most of the growth is found in truck drivers (+415 jobs, 3%), construction laborers (+119 jobs, 4%), and personal & home care aides (+110 jobs, 4%).
SOC CodeDescription2010 Jobs2011 JobsChange% Change2010 National Location Quotient2011 National Location Quotient2011 Median Hourly Wage2011 Avg Hourly WageEducation Level53-3032Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer14,67715,0924153%2.122.15$18.68$19.47Short-term on-the-job training47-2061Construction laborers3,1313,2501194%0.850.88$12.14$12.47Moderate-term on-the-job training39-9021Personal and home care aides2,9963,1061104%0.890.90$9.12$8.87Short-term on-the-job training21-1011Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors556599438%1.551.65$21.12$19.47Bachelor's degreeAll Jobs596,106595,481-6250%$18.19$19.36Source: EMSI Covered Employment - 2011.4
Our analysis tends to focus on low- and middle-skilled occupations that support core industries for each city. This is largely because there are a lot more of these low- and middle-skilled jobs to be had in each city. And while not spectacular, these trends indicate a return of many jobs that took big hits during the recession. Cities like Oklahoma City, Pittsburgh, Nashville, and Memphis saw increases in construction and production laborers. Cities like Orlando and San Antonio showed growth in the retail and food prep areas. This tells us that key local industries are coming out of dormancy and hiring back some of the workers that were laid off a few years ago.
This data doesn’t necessarily tell the whole story, but it is a good indicator that the job market is returning to something closer to normal.
Feel free to comment below or email Rob Sentz (firstname.lastname@example.org) with any questions. You can follow EMSI on Twitter @DesktopEcon. Illustration by Mark Beauchamp.