Bearing capacity is the ability of soil or rock to support external loads without failing. It is a specialized skill because determining the bearing capacity involves a complex analysis of the soil or rock properties, environmental conditions and the loading characteristics. The process requires careful consideration of various factors such as soil type, moisture content, shear strength, and structure of the soil or rock layers. Bearing capacity analysis is important in various applications such as building foundations, bridges, roads, and dams. Skilled professionals such as geotechnical and soil engineers are typically responsible for performing the calculations and ensuring that the design meets safety requirements.
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