Viral load refers to the amount of virus detected in a person's blood, typically measured as copies of viral RNA per milliliter of blood. Monitoring a patient's viral load is an important part of managing HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, and other viral illnesses. Healthcare professionals who specialize in viral load analysis require specialized training and expertise. They use laboratory techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) to accurately quantify viral load and help guide treatment decisions.
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